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Do you know what each Buddha hand sign, mudra meaning?

How many Buddhist mudras are there, Know Buddhist Mudras, Hand Gestures, and their Meaning

Mudras, or hand motions, are an essential component of Buddhist as well as Hindu symbology. These communicate particular messages and have religious, ceremonial, and philosophical connotations. 

Buddha hand sign or  mudra generally means: Hands folded in the lap which signifies meditation, a palm held up facing outward signifies the act of teaching or reassurance or an open palm pointed downward signifies generosity.

The Buddhists imagined the Buddha doing a variety of mudras that each clearly signify different and distinct meanings. It would be advisable to educate yourself on the imagery of Buddha Mudras before making a purchase of a brass buddha statue or any other Buddha idol.

The different Mudras

The word “mudra” comes from a Sanskrit term that translates as “sign.” Hand gestures known as mudras are used in Buddhist art to represent various mental states. In the Vajrayana tradition, mudras have an esoteric meaning and are commonly combined with prayers and tantric imagery.

The Dhyani, or meditation mudra, as well as the Anjali, or welcoming mudra, are essential parts of daily practice in the Zen school of Mahayana Buddhism despite the absence of esoteric rites.

Buddha mudras come in two varieties: the two-handed Samayuta and the one-handed Asamayuta. Buddhist academics have translated 24 Samyuta as well as 13 Samyuta mudras from sacred documents and inherited cultural knowledge.

The most unique mudras in use today are Dhyani, Vitarka, Dharmachakra, Abhaya, Bhoomisparsh, and Anjali. These mudras are frequently seen on most Buddha statues.


Let’s talk about these mudras’ most intriguing features.

Buddha Dhyana Mudra
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Dhyana Mudra

The totality of this mudra alludes to the dominance of the beatific vision. The right hand’s back is resting on the other’s lifted surface in the mudra of meditation, and the points of the thumbs are lightly touching.

The realm of illusions is represented by the lower hand, and illumination is symbolised by the upper hand. In monasteries and other sites of worship wherein devotees go to reflect before the Mahabodhi, Buddha statues with the Dhyani mudra are widespread.

Look for a statue of the Buddha with the Dhyani mudra if you want to install it in your house as a meditation tool. These make wonderful presents for anyone who wants to have tranquillity and excellent mental health.

Buddha Vitarka Mudra
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Vitarka Mudra

This mudra is typically used when instructing. The right hand is held in this mudra at chest height with the fingers pointing outward. The “Wheel of the Teaching” is represented by a circle made up of the thumb and fingers. The left palm is either faced up on the lap, pointing outward or downward.

The Vitarka Mudra is among the mudras that are etched into Buddha sculptures the most commonly. People who pursue the Buddha to learn and attain enlightenment, as the Buddha did once, venerate the Vitarka Mudra.

Buddhists revere the Buddha as the Supreme Teacher, and the Vitarka Mudra is frequently used to create Buddha images. If you’re looking to succeed academically, a Buddha statue of the Vitarka Mudra might be the right choice for you.

buddha dharmachakra mudra meaning
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Dharmachakra Mudra

The Sanskrit word combination “Dharmachakra” means “the wheel of trust” in English. This has a close connection to the Vitarka mudra. The Wheel of Teaching is symbolized by Vitarka, but it is really rotated when the Dharmachakra Mudra is performed.

The thumb and forefinger of each hand come together to create a circle. While the right hand is turned out, the left hand is folded in. At the level of the heart, the hands are positioned.

Some academics contend that the Dharmachakra Mudra principally consists of a group of Vitarka Mudras, that collectively stand for seeking enlightenment rather than giving.

The Buddha is a simple portrayal of the Mahabodhi pursuing wisdom from the universe, dressed in the Dharmachakra Mudra. Your modesty, sincerity, and reverence for knowledge would all be embodied by a Buddha statue in the Dharmachakra Mudra at your residence.

Buddha abhaya mudra meaning
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Abhaya Mudra

The most frequent mudra among traditional Buddha statues is the Abhaya Mudra. The Abhaya Mudra elevates the Buddha to the status of divinity and views him as a rescuer.

The Abhaya, a proverb attributed to the Buddha soon after he became awakened, is frequently used to comfort people. “Abhaya” is Sanskrit for “strength” or “encouragement.” The mudra for blessing or defense is this one.

The right hand is raised to shoulder height with the palm facing upward. You are quite likely to see the Abhaya mudra rather frequently compared to the other mudras if you are seeking a Buddha idol for your place.

A Buddha statue in the Abhaya Mudra is said to ward against evil and give you the fortitude to handle life’s difficulties.

Buddha Bhumisparsha Mudra meaning
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Bhumisparsha Mudra

The Buddha is imagined in this gesture in his pursuit of enlightenment to call the world to witness his triumph over illusion. The Bhumisparsha Mudra sometimes referred to as the earth-touching mudra, is done with the left hand rested on the lap and the right hand lying palm down on the right knee.

The Bhumisparsha Mudra is most frequently seen on sculptures of the Sleeping Buddha. The Buddha is shown in these statues as sitting with his left leg up and his head resting there. It is thought that the Buddha is dozing off in this position.

If you want to find harmony and peace in your life, you can think about bringing home an image of the sleeping Buddha holding the Bhumisparsha Mudra.

Buddha Anjali Mudra Meaning
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Anjali Mudra

The Anjali Mudra is mostly used as a welcoming gesture. In the Buddhist community all around the world, this mudra is used as a sign of respect and greeting. It is made by putting the hands together at the heart level, with the fingertips facing upward.

Although less frequently seen in Buddha statues, this mudra is nevertheless among the most popular ones. The Anjali Mudra highlights the presence of two traditional civilizations in Asia and is an intriguing fusion of Hindu and Buddhist civilizations. During Hindu ceremonies, the Anjali Mudra is also frequently used.

The main entry section of your home or living space will benefit greatly from the inclusion of a Buddha statue in the Anjali mudra.

Closing words

The conversation has come to a close. We hope you found the information about the many hand motions, or mudras, that may be seen on Buddha statues interesting. Additionally, we hope it aids you in locating the ideal Buddha idol for oneself.

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